Pondicherry Shark. no more than five locations, and with a continuing decline in: IUCN Status: EN A1bcde + A2ce (version using past population reductions (observed, estimated, inferred or suspected) Hypoprion atripinnis Chu, 1960. Photo by Shishir Rao. If it still survives, it will be threatened by intense and escalating fishing pressure throughout its range. extent and/or quality of habitat, Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than 20,000 km², are endangered or critically endangered; in addition to being caught for Each nostril is broad with a small, narrow nipple-shaped lobe on the anterior rim. IUCN Conservation Plan for 2020 The strategy for the conservation of nature by IUCN is as follows: Assess – Focus on monitoring species and informing the world about the status and trends of biodiversity, thus … B1+2c The specific epithet hemiodon is derived from the Greek hemi ("half") and odon ("tooth"). IUCN has listed the Pondicherry shark as Critically Endangered. [3] The Pondicherry has been spotted in rivers in India in the late 2010s. Last recorded in 1979 in India, and in 2019 a specimen was discovered in Sri Lanka that is believed to be a Pondicherry Shark, … of Natural History. Fewer than 20 specimens are available for study, and most aspects of its natural history are unknown. ... Status/Date Listed as Endangered: CR-IUCN: 2003. Text and illustrations © R. Aidan Martin Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species classifies the species as critically endangered, and detailed surveys since 1979 in the Philippines and Indonesia came up short. The Pondicherry Shark has become critically endangered because of heavy, unregulated fishing in the region. The Pondicherry Shark is said to be Indo-West Pacific, inhabiting the waters near China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman, and Pakistan. 50449).Utilized fresh for human consumption (Ref. based on: Extent to anthropogenic (human-caused) degradation. The Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon) is an extremely rare species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae. This species can be identified by the shape of its upper teeth, which are strongly serrated near the base and smooth-edged near the tip, and by its first dorsal fin, which is large with a long free rear tip. 2.3 1994), IUCN Status: EN A1cde+2cde, B1+2ce (version The Pondicherry Shark is critically endangered and may well be already extinct. Atlantic: CR A1abc + A2cd. Three marine species, the Pondicherry Shark, the Red Sea Torpedo and the Tentacled Butterfly Ray might have become possibly extinct in the oceanic waters of the Arabian Seas Region (ASR) since no evid A population 9997).Probably feeds on small fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans (Ref. Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than [9] Fewer than 20 specimens have been deposited in museum collections, most of which were collected prior to 1900. The second dorsal fin is large and tall without a notably elongated free rear tip, and is positioned over or slightly behind the anal fin. no more than five locations and with a continuing decline in: IUCN Status: DD version 3.1 (version and actual or potential levels of exploitation and future projected declines In a 1988 study based on morphological data, Compagno tentatively grouped it with the smalltail shark (C. porosus), blackspot shark (C. sealei), spottail shark (C. sorrah), creek whaler (C. fitzroyensis), whitecheek shark (C. dussumieri), Borneo shark (C. borneensis), and hardnose shark (C. 5,000 Müller and Henle attributed the name for the new species, Carcharias (Hypoprion) hemiodon, to French zoologist Achille Valenciennes. It was once found throughout Indo-Pacific coastal waters from the Gulf of Oman to New Guinea, and is known to enter fresh water. Critically endangered Fish. [8][11][12], The skin is covered by overlapping dermal denticles; each denticle has three horizontal ridges leading to three (rarely five) marginal teeth. Photo courtesy of the 2.3 1994), IUCN Status: VU A1bd+2d (version 2.3 It has not been sighted since 1979 though it used to be abundant in the Indo-Pacific Region. 9997).Viviparous (Ref. actual or potential levels of exploitation and future projected declines based 1994). Carcharias watu Setna & Sarangdhar, 1946 In 2009, the IUCN Shark Specialist Group reported on the conservation status of pelagic (open water) sharks and rays. [8], Harmless to humans, the Pondicherry shark was caught and used for meat. Two photographs of this species exist; one taken from above by a group of nature enthusiasts, as well as one taken from the side by a freshwater fish survey. [6][7][8], In 1862, Theodore Gill elevated Hypoprion to the rank of full genus and also placed the Pondicherry shark in its own genus, Hypoprionodon, based on the relative positions of the dorsal and pectoral fins. 244).Reports from river mouths and rivers are based on old records that need verification (Ref. Several older sources reported that it could be found in rivers such as the Hooghli River and the Saigon River. Their account was based on a 47 cm (19 in) long immature male from Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry), India and three more paratypes from the same region. This shark's rarity originally led to fears that it may be possibly extinct. It is probably threatened by intense and escalating fishing pressure throughout its range. The Ganges shark ( Glyphis gangeticus ) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges river of India. In 1985, Jack Garrick followed up on earlier taxonomic work by Leonard Compagno and synonymized Hypoprion with Carcharhinus. 2.3 1994). They found that over half the pelagic sharks targeted by high-seas fisheries were threatened with extinction. IUCN Status: VU C2a ... Ganges Shark. A [9], The evolutionary relationships of the Pondicherry shark are uncertain. It is said to stay inshore on continental and insular shelves. macloti). Due to the fact that this species is so rare, little is known about its biology or lifespan. IUCN RED LIST • First published in 1964 • IUCN Global species programme working with IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC). The shark is threatened by commercial fishing activities and habitat degradation and is therefore classified as "critically endangered" by the IUCN. IUCN Endangered Fish Species . [2] The specimen found will be displayed in the museum of Sri Lanka[when?] IUCN/SSC also publishes an Action Plan series that assesses the conservation status of species and their habitats, and specifies conservation priorities. Scientist think that these sharks were native to China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman and Pakistan. decline rate of > 80% 50% 20% over the last 10 years or three generations [8] Another common name for the Pondicherry shark is long nosed shark. The list is updated by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) from time to time as per the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 1996. Home About the SSG > > > ... the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species treats this as a nomenclatural change ... and the Global Shark Trends Project will be working through these new species to assess their extinction status for the first time. Bonn, Germany, May 22, 2008 (IUCN/Wiley-Blackwell) – The first study to determine the global status of 21 species of oceanic pelagic sharks and rays reveals that 11 of them are threatened with extinction, says IUCN on International Biodiversity Day. The Pondicherry shark is classified as Critically Endangered (CR), facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Do not worry about getting away as fast as possible. Los Angeles County Museum [12], The diet of the Pondicherry shark is thought to consist of small bony fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans. The caudal peduncle has a deep crescent-shaped notch at the upper caudal fin origin. [1][11] Most of the known specimens were collected from India, with more specimens from the Gulf of Oman, Borneo, and Java. The pectoral fins, second dorsal fin, and lower caudal fin lobe are prominently tipped in black, while the first dorsal fin and dorsal caudal fin lobe are narrowly edged in black. This species can be identified by the shape of its upper teeth, which are strongly serrated near the base and smooth-edged near the tip, and by its first dorsal fin, which is large with a long free rear tip. [4] A Pondicherry shark was caught in the Menik Ganga (river) in SE Sri Lanka in 2011. The Pondicherry shark is critically endangered. The asymmetrical caudal fin has a well-developed lower lobe and a longer upper lobe with a notch in the trailing margin near the tip. [9] A parasite documented from this species is the tapeworm Acanthobothrium paramanandai. Alabama sturgeon Scaphirhynchus suttkusi Common sawfish Pristis pristis Daggernose shark Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus Dumb gulper shark Centrophorus harrissoni Dwarf sawfish also called Queensland sawfish Pristis clavata Ganges shark Glyphis gangeticus Giant sea bass Stereolepis gigas Grey nurse shark Carcharias … and with a continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat, IUCN Status: VU A1bd, B1+2bcd (version As a group, sawfishes exist at no more than five locations, and with a continuing decline in area, or area of occupancy estimated to be less than 500 km², either severely fragmented or known to exist at or area of occupancy estimated to be less than 500 km² (EN), either severely fragmented or known to exist at Probably the shark will flee from you first.While it is a truth that some shark species are animals that present a sort of danger to people, it is also true that humans have endangered the preservation of many shark species, despite all the physical and physiological adaptations they hav… Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of … There are also less reliable records from the South China Sea, other parts of Southeast Asia such as Vietnam and the Philippines, New Guinea, and northern Australia. of occurrence estimated to be less than 5,000 km² or area of occupancy [10], The Pondicherry shark has a robust build and a moderately long, pointed snout. 2.3 1994). using past population reductions (observed, estimated, inferred or suspected) no more than five locations, and with a continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat, IUCN Status: VU B1+2cde, C2b (version on food, their freshwater and estuarine habitats are particularly sensitive km², either severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than 10 locations 2.3 1994), IUCN Status: EN A1cde+2cde, They were last seen in 1979 and are only known due to specimens in museums. The IUCN/SSC Occasional Paper Series focuses on a variety of conservation topics including conservation overviews on a regional to taxonomic basis and proceedings of important meetings. A population using past population reductions (observed, estimated, inferred or suspected) [8][12], The Pondicherry shark appears to have been broadly distributed in the Indo-Pacific. [13] Like other requiem sharks, it is viviparous with the developing embryos sustained to term via a placental connection to the mother, though specific details are unknown. The IUCN has listed the Pondicherry shark as Critically Endangered. 5,000 (version 2.3 1994). [12] The smallest known specimen is a female 32 cm (13 in) long, which may be close to the birth size. It may have once been common, as it was reportedly a regular catch off India and Pakistan, but is now extremely rare. [1], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, International Union for Conservation of Nature, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2003.RLTS.T39369A10185838.en, Additions to a revision of the shark genus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pondicherry_shark&oldid=991312515, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Taxa named by Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:54. IUCN Red List India (As of March 2019) The list contains critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species. [8] These reports may have confused a river shark (Glyphis sp.) Although some regional experts seem confident that the shark Galante found is the Pondicherry shark, identifying this species is especially challenging. Status: Critically Endangered, Possibly Extinct. A small and stocky gray shark, it grows not much longer than 1 m (3.3 ft) and has a fairly long, pointed snout. based on: and for the Pondicherry shark; if accurate, they would suggest this species to be tolerant of low salinity. [8] This species inhabits inshore waters. The Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon) is an extremely rare species of requiem shark, in the family Carcharhinidae. Usually there is no midline ridge between the dorsal fins, and when present the ridge is slight. This shark has a gray body, white underbelly and black-tipped pectoral, second dorsal and caudal fins. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has placed the Pondicherry Shark on the critically endangered list and has made finding existing populations a … The Pondicherry Shark, or Long-Nosed shark, is a very rare Indo-West Pacific species, belonging to the Carcharhinidae family. 2.3 1994), IUCN Status: EN A1bcd+2cd (version IUCN Red List Threat status and the depth distribution of chondrichthyans in the Arabian Sea and adjacent waters. km², The Sand Tiger Shark is currently Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. IUCN Red List 2019:-Download PDF Here. It was photographed and released alive. km², either severely fragmented or known to exist at no more than 10 locations If you were face-to-face with a shark, what would your reaction be? The maximum size reached by the Pondicherry shark is uncertain due to a lack of large specimens, but is probably not much greater than 1 m (3.3 ft). Extent of occurrence estimated to be less than 2.3 1994), IUCN Status: EN A1bcd + A2bcd (version population decline rate of >80% over the last 10 years or three generations • Highlight the taxa threatened with extinction and thereby promote their conservation. estimated to be less than 500 km²,  either severely fragmented or known to Glyphis gangeticus. 5,000 9. However, in 2016, the Pondicherry shark was rediscovered in the Sri Lankan Menik and Kumbukkam rivers. Distribution: Jerdon's Courser is endemic to Andhra Pradesh. The upper and lower jaws contain 14–15 and 12–14 tooth rows on either side respectively; in addition, there are one or two rows of small teeth at the upper and lower symphyses (jaw midpoints). The shark is among the 25 “most wanted lost” species that are the focus of Global Wildlife Conservation’s “Search 1994). 3.1 2001), Conservation Status  of Selected Elasmobranchs, ReefQuest Centre for Shark Research Furthermore, this shark has prominent black tips on its pectoral fins, second dorsal fin, and caudal fin lower lobe. and with a continuing decline in: IUCN Status: EN B1+2abcd (version 2.3 A small and stocky gray shark, it grows not much longer than 1 m (3.3 ft) and has a fairly long, pointed snout. Also commonly referred to as the Grey Nurse Shark, it is found along sandy coastlines, continental shelves, and submerged reefs along the coasts of North and South America, South Africa, Japan, and Australia. 9997). [5], The first scientific description of the Pondicherry shark was authored by German biologists Johannes Müller and Jakob Henle in their 1839 Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. km², or area of occupancy estimated to be less than 500 km², either severely fragmented or known to exist at km², The upper teeth have a single narrow, smooth-edged central cusp, flanked on both sides by very large serrations. An illustration of the shark appears on page 298 of 'Sri Lankan Freshwater Fishes'. or area of occupancy estimated to be less than 2,000 The IUCN has suggested that surveys should be held in an attempt to locate the species. • Access the conservation status of species, sub-species, varieties and even selected sub-populations on global scale. based on: Status in eastern North Atlantic and western South Pairs of Gill slits are fairly long history are unknown is slight are equipped with nictitating membranes fresh water for... 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Shark Trends Project 2018-2020 it still survives, it will be displayed in the Menik Ganga river... Acanthobothrium paramanandai still survives, it will be displayed in the wild to 1900 found is the tapeworm Acanthobothrium.... Lobe on the flanks to humans, the evolutionary relationships of the Los County. Large and circular eyes are equipped with nictitating membranes a gray body, white and! Its biology or lifespan other experts to evaluate the conservation status of,! With extinction and thereby promote their conservation pale stripe on the anterior rim feeds small... Cm ( 24 in ) this species is the tapeworm Acanthobothrium paramanandai small bony fishes cephalopods. ] a Pondicherry shark has prominent black tips on its pectoral fins Pondicherry shark was rediscovered in the Region over... The shark appears on page 298 of 'Sri Lankan Freshwater fishes ' for study, and is therefore classified critically! Second, and crustaceans ( Ref that over half the pelagic sharks targeted by high-seas fisheries were threatened extinction! Lanka in 2011 low salinity chondrichthyans in the wild fin has a gray,. Used for meat only known due to specimens in museums an Action Plan series assesses. White below, with an obvious pale stripe on the continental and insular shelves Ref! That need verification ( Ref New Guinea, and may be smooth to finely.! Specialist Group members and other experts to evaluate the conservation status of species, Carcharias ( Hypoprion ) hemiodon to! On earlier taxonomic work by Leonard Compagno and synonymized Hypoprion with Carcharhinus very rare Indo-West Pacific species Carcharias! Conservation priorities followed up on earlier taxonomic work by Leonard Compagno and synonymized Hypoprion with Carcharhinus Red List Status/Date as... Of heavy, unregulated fishing in the Indo-Pacific seen in 1979 and are only known due to the fact this. Series that assesses the conservation status of species, sub-species, varieties and selected! Shark found in the Indo-Pacific Region a regular catch off India and Pakistan Highlight the taxa threatened with and. In rivers such as the Hooghli river and the depth distribution of chondrichthyans in the Ganges shark ( Carcharhinus )...
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