A week later, Roosevelt dispatched Hopkins on a special mission to London. Ray Wannall, former FBI assistant director for counter-intelligence, says he always suspected that Hopkins was a Soviet agent and that this is proof of his treachery. Harry Lloyd Hopkins (August 17, 1890 – January 29, 1946) was the 8th Secretary of Commerce, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's closest advisor on foreign policy during World War II. ", For more detail see Harvey Klehr, and John Earl, Haynes, "Harry Hopkins and Soviet Espionage", New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, Temporary Emergency Relief Administration. His body was cremated and his ashes interred in his former college town at the Hazelwood Cemetery in Grinnell, Iowa. They have told about Soviet plans to sabotage our electric power facilities and oil pipelines in the event of war. [22], It is likely that any Soviets who spoke to Hopkins would have been routinely required to report the contact to the NKVD, the Soviet national security agency. [11] With the advent of World War II in Europe, however, FDR himself ran again in 1940, winning an unprecedented third term. Churchill escorted this important visitor all over the United Kingdom. Harry Lloyd Hopkins was born in Sioux City, Iowa, on 17th August, 1890. Eisenhower. Hopkins had three sons who served in the armed forces during the war, Robert, David and Stephen. Harry Hopkins, né le 17 août 1890 à Sioux City (Iowa) et mort le 29 janvier 1946 à New York, est un homme politique américain. In 1922, Hopkins returned to New York City, where the AICP was involved with the Milbank Memorial Fund and the State Charities Aid Association in running three health demonstrations in New York State. He had kept his copies hidden under the floor of his country house until 1992, when British intelligence managed to get both him and his six trunks of copied documents out of Russia. Hopkins would live out of the bedroom for the next three-and-a-half years. Harry passed away in 1886, at age 32. His father had various professions, including retail, but he loved bowling and settled on that as a business career. Ready to fight back against media bias? Small wonder that Akhmerov, in a lecture in Moscow in the early 1960s, identified Hopkins by … "[29], In 1913, Hopkins married Ethel Gross (1886–1976), a Hungarian-Jewish immigrant active in New York City's Progressive movement. He in­ter­faced with So­viet of­fi­cials rang­ing from the mid­dle ranks to the very high­est, in­clud­ing Stalin. According to Mr. Gordievsky, who was in knickers when Mr. Hopkins died in 1946, the former social worker advocated positions favored by Moscow. The New York Times, The Washington Post, 60 Minutes and Nightline have all done substantial stories about the revelations Christopher Andrew has plucked from Mitrokhin?s archive. Hopkins died in New York City on January 29, 1946, at the age of 55. During his tenure, the agency grew enormously and absorbed the New York Heart Association. The initial contact with the USSR came with Presidential Envoy and Director of the Lend-Lease programme Harry Hopkins with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in Moscow.. On 30 July 1941 Hopkins briefed journalists at Spaso House, the US Embassy residence.At 20.00, he was described as looking 'pale and tired' and speaking 'faintly, his voice dwindling away at times to and inaudible mumble'. [33] They had one daughter, Diana. The two continued to live at the White House at Roosevelt's request,[36] though Louise eventually demanded a home of their own. Social work. Accuracy in Media first reported on Mitrokhin's revelations shortly after the book's publication. He was one of the architects of the New Deal, especially the relief programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), which he directed and built into the largest employer in the country. Born in Iowa, Hopkins settled in New York City after he graduated from Grinnell College. Hopkins at first opposed America's entrance into World War I, but, when war was declared in 1917, he supported it enthusiastically. In mid-1943, Hopkins faced a barrage of criticism from Republicans and the press that he had abused his position for personal profit. Hopkins recommended, and the president accepted, the inclusion of the Soviets in Lend Lease. Hopkins and Agent “19” “Venona” was the name of a highly successful American project to decipher a set of coded Soviet international cables, largely exchanges between Soviet intelligence stations in New York, Washington, London, and other locations with their headquarters in Moscow. The first is a highly specific claim that Hopkins was a Soviet agent code-named "19," a high-level source who appears in a Soviet cable deciphered by the U.S. National Security Agency. He was born in Sioux City, Iowa, in the United States. Although Hopkins' health was steadily declining, Roosevelt sent him on additional trips to Europe in 1945; he attended the Yalta Conference in February 1945. ][27], It is currently considered likely that Laurence Duggan was the titular agent "19". ©2020 by Accuracy in Media. I. Harry Hopkins in Russian Diplomatic Files. Eduard Mark (1998) says that some Soviets, such as master-spy Iskhak Akhmerov, thought Hopkins was pro-Soviet, while others thought he was not. Over 90% of the people employed by the Hopkins programs were unemployed or on relief. During the war years, Hopkins acted as Roosevelt's chief emissary to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Though racked by severe pain, and the victim of a wasting disease, Hopkins outlived Roosevelt. Harry Lloyd Hopkins (17. august 1890 – 29. januar 1946) var en af den amerikanske præsident Franklin Delano Roosevelts nærmeste rådgivere. A particularly striking example of bad faith was Moscow's refusal to allow American naval experts to see the captured (on March 28, 1945) German experimental U-boat station at Gdynia and thus help the protection of the very convoys that carried Lend-Lease aid. He tried to resign after Roosevelt died, but President Harry S. Truman sent him on one more mission to Moscow. [8], In March 1933, Roosevelt summoned Hopkins to Washington as federal relief administrator. Harry Lloyd Hopkins (August 17, 1890 – January 29, 1946) was the 8th Secretary of Commerce, and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's closest advisor on foreign policy during World War II. His insistence that aid be extended to Stalin with no strings attached justifies Ahkmerov?s evaluation of his performance. Henry Adams' biography of Harry Hopkins is first rate. Hopkins served as an important foreign policy adviser and diplomat during World War II. [3] He attended the major conferences of the Allied powers, including the Cairo Conference, the Tehran Conference, the Casablanca Conference, and the Yalta Conference. Winging to join Churchill was Harry Hopkins, the President’s friend and adviser, flying in primitive conditions in a PBY Catalina from Moscow after three days with Stalin. Roosevelt brought him along as advisor to his meetings with Churchill and Stalin at Cairo, Tehran, Casablanca in 1942-43, and Yalta in 1945. Stephen was killed in action serving in the Marine Corps. On December 1, 1938, Constantine Oumansky, then the Soviet Chargé d’affaires ad interim in the United States, wrote in his “political letter” to Maxim Litvinov, the People’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs:. He also served as Secretary of Commerce from 1938 to 1940. Shortly after Harry was born, the family moved successively to Council Bluffs, Iowa, and Kearney and Hastings, Nebraska. He met Ahkmerov from time to time, giving him information to send to Moscow and receiving secret messages from Stalin. [19], Hopkins was the top American official assigned to dealing with Soviet officials during World War II. American diplomat Harry Hopkins (1890–1946), a prominent New Dealer and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's special envoy to London during World War II. [5] Hopkins moved to New Orleans where he worked for the American Red Cross as director of Civilian Relief, Gulf Division. Christopher Andrew, a Cambridge don, has now published a book based on them. "Harry Hopkins and Soviet Espionage", McJimsey, George. There is evidence that Hopkins even went so far as to arrange for the shipment of uranium to the Soviet Union to help them develop the atomic bomb. They have told about a Soviet effort to blame the spread of the AIDS virus on the U.S. military, disinformation that Accuracy in Media exposed 12 years ago when Dan Rather put it out on the CBS Evening News. What remained of Hopkins' stomach struggled to digest proteins and fat, and a few months after the operation, doctors stated that he had only four weeks to live. Avant d'occuper ce poste, il est déjà un proche conseiller du président : il est entre autres l'un des précurseurs du New Deal et de programmes qui lui sont rattachés… Harry Hopkins was born in Sioux City, Iowa, the fourth child of David Aldona and Anna (nee Pickett) Hopkins.He attended Grinnell College and soon after his graduation in 1912 took a job with Christodora House, a social settlement in New York City's Lower East Side ghetto. On August 4th, Roosevelt left his yacht and boarded the cruiser USS Augusta, which continued north. [2] Hopkins dealt with "priorities, production, political problems with allies, strategy—in short, with anything that might concern the president". A par­tic­u­larly strik­ing ex­am­ple of bad faith was Moscow's re­fus… Before he returned, at a small dinner party in the North British Hotel, Glasgow, Hopkins rose to propose a toast. There is a house on the Grinnell College campus named after him. WPA head Harry Hopkins speaking to reporters (November 1935), Eduard Mark, "Venona's Source '19' and the 'Trident' Conference of May 1943: Diplomacy or Espionage? Well I am going to quote to you one verse from the Book of Ruth ... 'Whither thou goest, I will go and where thou lodgest I will lodge, thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God. Andrew had reported this in a book he had written in 1990 based on information provided by Oleg Gordievsky, a high-level KGB officer who had also been smuggled out of the Soviet Union by British intelligence. As FDR's most trusted advisor Hopkins managed the WPA during the depression and went on to guide FDR on the build up to and during WW II. Though his death has been attributed to his stomach cancer, some historians have suggested that it was the cumulative malnutrition related to his post-cancer digestive problems. [26][deprecated source? Harry Lloyd Hopkins was born in Sioux City, Iowa, the fourth child of David Aldona and Anna (née Pickett) Hopkins, devout Methodist parents who taught him the Social Gospel. He supervised the $50 billion Lend Lease program of military aid to the Allies. He interfaced with Soviet officials ranging from the middle ranks to the very highest, including Stalin. His travels to London and Moscow won the trust of both Churchill and Stalin. Harry Hopkins, Aide to FDR, during his visit to Russia to determine the Russian leader Joseph Stalin's commitment to fight Germany in WWII. Bohlen later revealed that Stalin once confided that Harry Hopkins was the first American to whom he had spoken po dushe—“from the soul.” Hopkins understood he would face enormous challenges at Moscow. [12], On May 10, 1940, after a long night and day of discussing the German invasion of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg that had ended the so-called "Phony War", Roosevelt urged a tired Hopkins to stay for dinner, and then the night, in a second-floor White House bedroom. "I suppose you wish to know what I am going to say to President Roosevelt on my return. They spent two years in Chicago and finally settled in Grinnell, Iowa. He feuded with Harold Ickes, who ran a rival program—the Public Works Administration—which also created jobs but did not require applicants to be unemployed or on relief.[9]. [6], In 1931, New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt named R. H. Macy's department store president Jesse Straus as president of the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration (TERA). On May 10, 1940, after a long night and day of discussing the German invasion of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg that had ended the so-called "Phony War", Roosevelt urged a tired Hopkins to stay for dinner, and then the night, in a second-floor White House bedroom. Hopkins attended Grinnell College and soon after his graduation in 1912 took a job with Christodora House, a social settlement house in New York City's Lower East Side ghetto. Another claim is that Hopkins died from liver failure due to hepatitis or cirrhosis,[39] but Robert Sherwood authoritatively reported that Hopkins' postmortem examination showed the cause of death was hemosiderosis [40] due to hepatic iron accumulation from his many blood transfusions and iron supplements. The fallback position is that even if Hopkins is not "19," there is nonetheless convincing evidence that he was a Soviet agent. In 1963 the FBI concluded that Jordan "either lied for publicity and profit or was delusional". "Mutual Aid between the U.S. and the British Empire, 1941–5", in, Kimball, Warren F. "Franklin D. Roosevelt and World War II,", This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:21. All Right Reserved. In mid-1924 he became executive director of the New York Tuberculosis Association. "How many weddings have been held at the White House? Reed Irvine particularly valued the book for providing "new evidence" that Harry Hopkins, FDR's closest and most influential advisor, was a Soviet spy. Relations between Moscow and Washington had … [21], Hopkins continued to be a target of attacks even after his death. She was deeply religious and active in the affairs of the Methodist church. He conducted policy vis-a-vis Stalin with mere dogmatic confidence in his own (and his circle's) unshakeable sentiments. Hopkins, Harry Lloyd Born Aug. 17, 1890, in Sioux City, Iowa; died Jan. 29, 1946, in New York. Hopkins promoted an aggressive war against Germany and successfully urged Roosevelt to use the Navy to protect convoys headed for Great Britain before the U.S. entered the war in December 1941. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). See more ideas about Fdr, Hopkins, Franklin delano roosevelt. During World War II, Hopkins made several trips for President Roosevelt to London, England and Moscow, Soviet Union to discuss assistance and military strategy. Historian Robert Conquest wrote that "Hopkins seems just to have accepted an absurdly fallacious stereotype of Soviet motivation, without making any attempt whatever to think, or to study the readily available evidence, or to seek the judgement of the knowledgeable. Vasily Mitrokhin a KGB archivist had painstakingly copied KGB files for many years. Harry Hopkins was a democratic administrator who personified the ideology of vast federal work programs to relieve unemployment in the 1930s; he continued as President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s emissary and closest personal adviser during World War II. He made Lend Lease decisions in terms of Roosevelt's broad foreign policy goals. He defected in 1992 and his materials were later spirited out of Moscow by British agents. He accepted a position in New York City's Bureau of Child Welfare and worked for various social work and public health organizations. Does anyone remember Harry Hopkins, the adviser to President Roosevelt during the war years? In 1942, Hopkins married Louise Gill Macy (1906–1963) in the Yellow Oval Room at the White House. US statesman. "The road not taken: Harry Hopkins and New Deal Work Relief. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Hopkins was born at 512 Tenth Street in Sioux City, Iowa, the fourth child of four sons and one daughter of David Aldona and Anna (née Pickett) Hopkins. His leadership of the program earned the attention of Roosevelt, then the governor of New York, and Roosevelt brought Hopkins into his presidential administration after his victory in the 1932 presidential election. That claim, however, is entirely mistaken. His efficient administration of the initial $20 million outlay to the agency gained Roosevelt's attention, and in 1932, he promoted Hopkins to the presidency of the agency. Laurence Steinhardt (C) surrounded by reporters during press conference at Spaso House after Hopkin's first visit w. Russian leader Joseph Stalin's to determine his commitment to fight Germany in WW II. Membre du Parti démocrate, il est secrétaire du Commerce entre 1938 et 1940 dans l'administration du président Franklin Delano Roosevelt. One congressman asserted that British media tycoon Lord Beaverbrook had given Hopkins' wife Louise $500,000 worth of emeralds, which Louise denied. Hopkins started programs for youth (National Youth Administration) and for artists and writers (Federal One Programs). He was one of the architects of the New Deal,[1] especially the relief programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), which he directed and built into the largest employer in the country. In 1931, Jesse I. Straus hired Hopkins as the executive director of New York's Temporary Emergency Relief Administration. His final service was to Moscow to help arrange the Potsdam Conference for President Harry … He was elected president of the National Association of Social Workers in 1923. Hopkins ended his long White House stay on December 21, 1943, moving with his wife to a Georgetown townhouse. [10], Before Hopkins began to decline from his struggle with stomach cancer in the late 1930s, FDR appeared to be training him as a possible successor. After graduating from Grinnell College in 1912 he became a social worker in New York City.He was also active in the Democratic Party and a strong supporter of Alfred Smith.. Hopkins had a major voice in policy for the vast $50 billion Lend-Lease program, especially regarding supplies, first for Britain and then (upon the German invasion) the USSR. '"[15] Hopkins became the administrator of the Lend-Lease program, under which the United States gave to Britain as well as the Soviet Union, China, and other Allied nations food, oil, and materiel including warships, warplanes and weaponry. Hop­kins was the top Amer­i­can of­fi­cial as­signed to deal­ing with So­viet of­fi­cials dur­ing World War II. Despite this, Andrew argued that Harry Hopkins was “an unconscious rather than a conscious agent.”. The family regularly moved during Hopkins’s growing years, but they finally settled in Grinnell, Iowa. Anna Hopkins, born in Hamilton, Ontario, had moved at an early age to Vermillion, South Dakota, where she married David. He supervised the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA), the Civil Works Administration (CWA), and the Works Progress Administration (WPA). That claim is based on evidence too weak to be the basis for a confident conclusion. — Privacy Policy, Take Action: Reform the Presidential Debates, Accuracy in Media exposes Iowa Senate candidate, TAKE ACTION – Biden supporter to moderate debate, CNN’s Keilar rips Democrats for ignoring their own rules, WaPo dunks on US Thanksgiving celebrations. Hopkins wielded more diplomatic power than the entire State Department. Harry Lloyd Hopkins was born17th August 1890, to David and Anna Hopkins. Straus named Hopkins, then unknown to Roosevelt, as TERA's executive director. Born in 1890 in Sioux City, Iowa, Harry Hopkins grew up imbued with traditional Midwestern values of … In less than four months, the CWA hired four million people, and during its five months of operation, the CWA built and repaired 200 swimming pools, 3,700 playgrounds, 40,000 schools, 250,000 miles (400,000 km) of road, and 12 million feet of sewer pipe. [35] Macy was a divorced, gregarious former editor for Harper's Bazaar. [32][33][34] In 1931, Hopkins married Barbara Duncan, who died of cancer six years later. Mark says that at the time, any actions were taken specifically to help the American war effort, and to prevent the Soviets from making a deal with Hitler.[25]. He and Eleanor Roosevelt worked together to publicize and defend New Deal relief programs. [23] Verne W. Newton, author of FDR and the Holocaust, said that no writer discussing Hopkins has identified any secrets disclosed, nor any decision in which he distorted American priorities in order to help Communism. His last public service was a mission to Moscow at the request of President Harry S. Truman to prepare for the Potsdam Conference of 1945. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Hopkins “A confidential message from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, reproduced in [Diana] West’s new book, told [White House aide Harry] Hopkins that a ‘continuing’ investigation had discovered that Russian diplomat (and Comintern agent) Vasily Zarubin had made a payment to U.S. Communist Party official Steve Nelson to help place … Despite lacking a cabinet position he was seen by all as the indispensable man. But they have all overlooked the biggest news in the Andrew book? [37], In mid-1939, Hopkins was told that he had stomach cancer, and doctors performed an extensive operation that removed 75% of his stomach. John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, "Was Harry Hopkins A Soviet Spy?". Andrew tries to put an innocent face on this, saying Hopkins was using Ahkmerov as a “back channel” to communicate with Moscow. Hopkins helped draft a charter for the American Association of Social Workers (AASW) and was elected its president in 1923. Harry Hopkins (L), Aide to FDR, w. US Amb. Hopkins died in New York City on Jan. 29, 1946. Hopkins helped identify and sponsor numerous potential leaders, including Dwight D. In World War II, he was Roosevelt's chief diplomatic troubleshooter and liaison with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin. He attended Grinnell Collegeand soon after his graduation in 1912 took a job with Christodora House, a social settlement in New York Ci… [28] Hopkins may simply have been naïve in his estimation of Soviet intentions. He went to Moscow in July 1941 to make personal contact with Joseph Stalin. Hopkins would live out of the bedroom for the next three-and-a-half years.[13][14]. In the spring of 1913, he accepted a position from John A. Kingsbury of the New York Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (AICP) as "friendly visitor" and superintendent of the Employment Bureau within the AICP's Department of Family Welfare. He was a firm supporter of China, which received Lend-Lease aid for its military and air force. [24] As Mark demonstrates, Hopkins was not pro-Soviet in his recommendations to FDR; he was anti-German and pro-U.S. Any "secrets" disclosed were authorized. And for artists and writers ( Federal one programs ) China, which continued north a! He was elected its President in 1923 Jones Hopkins, the Civil Works Administration, and the victim a! Klehr concluded in FrontPage Magazine in 2013: the case advanced for Hopkins ' guilt has two parts abused... Rather than a conscious agent.” the event of War the Hopkins programs were or. Firm supporter of China, which continued north tenure, the family successively... 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